DON'T PRUNE ROSES -

Until
You Read This



Remember all the planning you did

before you took a trip?

This page is like that...

Below are  really important things you should know before you start to prune.




YOU NEED TO KNOW:

The Anatomy of a Rose

How a Rose Grows

 General Tips for Pruning

About tools




In the Spring, when the Forsythia blooms and new buds begin to swell on the rose canes, it's time to  prune your roses.

Rose pruning is pretty simple if you remember a rose is  just a shrub with flowers.

Use sharp, clean Bypass secateurs or pruners - (blades by-pass one another and make a clean cut).

Anvil “pruners have one blade meeting a stationary edge and can crush the stem leaving it open to disease or insects. These work best for dead wood..





TOOLS? 

Here's what works for me...



Please don't use electric hedge trimmers to prune roses. They tear, split and damage canes - sometimes beyond saving.




When the Forsythia Blooms....


Oops, wait..don't start just because you have a pair of sharp pruners and the Forsythia is blooming.  

Pruning roses is simple - but -

Instead of learning how to prune Tea Roses, or Floribundas specifically,

Learn How Roses Grow.

- it'll be easier to see how to prune them


NOTE: Keep the tags with your rose's name. They won’t help you prune because they only give their growth habit (such as ground cover, shrub etc.) but not how they grow.

BTW-I hope you didn't prune your roses in the fall !!! 

Leave the canes standing at least 3 feet tall in the Autumn so all that green (nutrients) can go down to feed the roots keeping them strong in cold winters.




The ANATOMY of a ROSE




For more details, definitions and sketches,

see ANATOMY OF A ROSE

and find out about bud-eyes, basal breaks, suckers, leaflets, rose hips and more...


Rose leaflets


When the Forsythia blooms in Spring, look for those tiny bud-eyes that begin to show dark red up the sides of the rose canes.  


Above: Emerging bud-eye

Above: Emerged bud-eye



Even though you'll prune according to

HOW ROSES GROW,

you should

ALWAYS start with the 4D’s 


Dead (brown; brittle)

Diseased (mottled brown and green)

Dying (brown or grey)

Damaged (broken, torn ,split)

Then cut below the "D" back to just above a healthy bud-eye.

New roses or trans-plants:

prune only the 4D’s for first year.


Dying Rose cane - cut to healthy bud-eye


BAD CUTS

A cut made too high (top left) can cause necrosis where the cane keeps dying back. Cut (prune) back to a healthy bud-eye.

The split on the right, is from dull pruners and will also cause the cane to die back or be open to disease or insects. 

Cut back to a healthy bud-eye


Cut these dying or dead canes back to healthy buds - see black lines on both sketches


In this sketch above, prune the large, dead centre cane back to the lowest green side shoots. Also prune off small dead branches carefully close to the main cane.



THE FAIRY ROSE


The lovely Astrid Lindgren - a glorious Floribunda rose.

(Rose Trees are different )

For other pruning - like trees and shrubs, go here


REMEMBER; Pruning roses is not that difficult once you begin.  And, if you make a mistake, there is a whole season to recover.

You can do this !!

Take it one stem at a time…. Take your music to your garden along with your tea, and start pruning.



...my favourite books...

... on planting, growing and pruning roses, is by Paul Zimmerman called

"Everyday Roses"  

 www.paulzimmermanroses.com 

"Roses Without Chemicals"

by Peter E. Kukielski

HOME

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ROSE PRUNING TIPS 

ROSE GARDENS

PLANTING ROSES

OVERWINTERING ROSES