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Garden Bliss & Blunder, Issue #008
April 07, 2022

It's Spring: Now What?


Welcome back if you are an 'old friend'

and if you are a 'new friend'...I'm glad you're here.

I know I said it is Spring, but as I write this here in Ontario Canada, the wind is blowing snow, it's cold again and the Snowdrops are pouting.

But, we'll wait 5 minutes and that can all change.



“Is the spring coming?” he said.

“What is it like?”

“It is the sun shining on the rain

and the rain falling on the sunshine…”

and things pushing up

and working under the earth,"

said Mary in The Secret Garden

by

Frances Hodgson Burnett


Lights Out...for birds now


"A majority of migratory birds - including many tanagers, warblers, and sparrows – migrate at night, and light pollution can cause these birds to become disoriented, fly into cities and collide with lighted buildings."

Make your environment safer for migratory birds by decreasing light pollution.

Pledge to turn off all unnecessary lights between the hours of 11 pm - 6am, during peak bird migration times: March-May, and August-October.

Tracy Aviary - Thanks to Peterborough Field Naturalists f or sharing this recently!

However, many of us leave our porch lights on for safety - so consider changing the bulb to yellow as shown in the chart.




Pruning


PRUNING is an ART but there is some science behind that art and there is no reason to start cutting just because your pruners are sharp.


Look to see how the plant grows and blooms and then prune it intentionally so it looks and grows how it wants to -

confusing? a little.

Sometimes we buy a shrub or tree to fit a space and rather than letting that plant grow how it wants and we try to keep it contained with hard pruning

Prune for shape, health (air and light) and for more blooms… and yes, we can keep a rose, or bush smaller, but some shrubs or plants will die sooner if pruned for the wrong reasons;

so we ask: why are we pruning this plant? when is the best time? (summer blooming = spring - spring blooming = 2 weeks after) which tools ? how to prune and where to start? For lots more detail on pruning, look here:

pruning.html


Pruning Mistakes


In other words, bad pruning....

Here are some results of “bad” pruning like using a mechanical hedge trimmer instead of the proper pruning tools.

Often bad cuts result from not knowing, or untrained gardeners and landscapers who believe every plant gets pruned the same way.

Below you can see on this Ninebark bush what ragged cuts result from hedge trimmers.



....and below, a split in the cane of a rose also pruned with hedge trimmers will result in serious die-back.


Roses - when can you prune?


Wait till Forsythia blooms… (if there is no Forsythia nearby, this can translate to temps of 13C or 55F and is often early to mid April)

Roses that grow like bushes, form a structure or are climbers are all pruned differently for different reasons and they don’t all want to be cut off at ground level…. no matter what anyone says…for example, if you cut a climber to the ground every year, it spends a whole season trying to grow tall and bloom….

Roses like to be pruned 'how they grow".... see my page here:


how-roses-grow.html


See the difference between how these roses grow

and imagine how they need different pruning.




pruning-roses.html


Tree Peony Pruning


Tree Peonies are so gorgeous, they can seem intimidating to prune - they aren’t

Look for reddish buds like these in the photo: start at the base and follow up the stem to the last bud nearest the top of the stem and cut just above that.





Beauty Bush Pruning


Beauty Bush (Kolkwitzia amabilis)is glorious in full bloom



- now see what the bush looks like when it is pruned the wrong (uneducated) way.

Not all bushes should be trimmed into round balls. If that is the look you want, then Boxwood or Yew or other evergreens... but not most bushes that bloom this way



When the bush is pruned like this, the result is a tangled mess in the centre where the light cannot penetrate so the centre eventually dies out and the blooms are only on some of the branch tips.

(see next photo the following spring)




After corrective pruning, the following summer, it may not bloom but it will come back to the way it wants to grow and will bloom the following season.

Bad pruning is hard on all bushes and trees and slows the growth and affects overall health.



Let Your Garden Sleep In...



Remember last month I talked about leaving the dead stems in your garden?

Those wee beneficial bugs are still sleeping and even when they wake, they need a place to hide and be safe. Here’s what can happen and what can be inside:




When you cannot wait to clean up your garden because new things are greening up, then cut the stems at random lengths and leave some of them still standing…

New ones will soon grow up to cover the dead stems where wee bugs can still hide out in the summer.

In my garden, there are many Phlox stems that are bend or broken with heavy snow. I can cut those, and leave some of the others standing.

You can take some of the hollow stems and lay them down near a hedge or under a bush out of the way... this will also give them another place to hide.


YEAR OF THE GARDEN-2022



DON'T FORGET....

The Year of the Garden

is just beginning..

check out the site below

and get involved,

even if all you do is plant red...


Year of the Garden - look here


DID YOU KNOW...



This is blue bunny pee!

In the winter rabbits are hungrier

and some will snack on

European Buckthorn bark

(which contains pigments that make

it orange).

Then when bunnies eat the bark,

they urinate an orange-coloured pee

that can turn blue when the UV light

from the sun hits it.

Who knew?

I’m still looking for blue snow. PHOTO - University of Guelph The Arboretum



WHAT NOT TO DO IN MARCH...


Although it may seem a bit mean,

I’m going to start with what NOT to do in March

- it’s not only the piles of snow,

but the fact the ground is not ready for us

to actually garden yet.

Dang.

You may see rings around tree roots

that show there is warmth in the roots…

what it actually means is

the snow is melting from below…

creating a layer of ice next to the soil,

under the snow.

Small shoots are a bit flummoxed by this

and hesitant to show their stuff

until there is enough sun to get to them.



I cannot imagine when our snowdrops will poke up.

so here is my sketch from a photo

by Toronto Master Gardener

Helen Battersby…



In some gardens to the west of us, the snow is almost

gone and some spring plants are showing up…

... like Helen’s Snowdrop.

Take your time in your garden - watch


...and wait

“In days gone by,

it was not uncommon in spring time

to see a farmer drop his trousers and pants

and sit down on the soil.

If the soil was not too cold,

the farmer knew it was time to sow his crop.

If you want to avoid misunderstandings with your

neighbours

you are better off trying this old trick

with your bare elbow.”

Niall Edworthy

The Curious Gardner’s Almanac

(centuries of practical garden wisdom

A Perigee Book - The Penguin Group - 2006 ISBN 978-0-399-53377-8


It's also not a good time to...


Don’t be too hasty to remove leaf litter just yet…

(assuming the snow is gone).

It protects the soil and the wee insects that are still not

ready to emerge yet…

and many of them are beneficial insects….

so wait a bit…



Don’t cut back all the dead stems of the plants

you left standing last fall.

… there are beneficial insects that live and

lay eggs in those stems until almost summer.

Instead, cut them back a bit randomly…

so some are short and some are taller.

Keep any hollow stems, laying them on their sides

in a pot or other contained area

- out of the way for safe places to shelter.



If spring bulbs are emerging,

pull dead leaves from around the stems

but leave the rest.



DON'T PRUNE... just yet...


Don't prune

early flowering shrubs

like FORSYTHIA, QUINCE,

BUTTERFLY BUSH or MAGNOLIA...



ROSES:

wait till the forsythia blooms and

DON’T remove the compost where you hilled your roses up

in the fall because an early frost

can kill the root as well as any new shoots that come

after pruning.

When Spring brings that annoying "freeze-thaw cycle"

it can create an opening in the soil

around the stem of the rose and

water can turn to ice there and kill the root..

Wait till the Forsythia blooms

and when you see small bud-eyes

beginning to emerge along the sides of the canes,

check my page on rose pruning here for some “how-to”s.

Pruning Roses



MARCH IS A GOOD TIME TO...


Clean and sharpen tools….

I confess mine are still in the back of the car…

ice, snow, wind along with lots of other excuses -

but once I take them out and get them ready,

it will be time to start cutting some things back

just not roses yet.


DO: trim dead or broken branches….

and last year's lower leaves of Hellebore

DO cut back tall grasses

before there are new green leaves

- tie them and cut below the tie

(and above the new green shoots)

- now they are already bundled…

- leave about a third of the height…

- cut above the green

or the grasses will have cut-off

leaves instead of pointed tips

- Personally, I like

how they look when cut in a rounded shape

instead of flat across the top...



Wait to replant hens and chicks or Heuchera

that lift out of the soil

when it freezes and thaws….

most likely end of April or May in zones 5 or lower

As soon as the snow is gone,

put down a layer of compost… and mulch if you can…

the spring rains will wash the nutrients into the soil

and give the young roots a boost…

. keeps the weeds from growing too.


STILL PLANNNG? Consider this...


If you only add 5% native plants,

you will add 75% of caterpillar food needs

It takes 6-9,000 caterpillars

for a chickadee

to raise just one clutch of baby birds

Thought provoking.


I still fuss sometimes while planning (or re-planning)

my garden as spring rolls around

but all my blunders are usually pretty good lessons.

"There is no gardening without humility.

Nature is constantly sending

even its oldest scholars to

the bottom of the class

for some egregious blunder."

Alfred Austin


- best of all,

Spring will come and

we'll be sitting on the deck soon

while still needing sweaters and cuddles



... Lucy looks forward to her garden inspections

along with a little bit

of romping when no one is looking.



Until next time, if you love Spring like I do

and admit to Spring Fever

now and then...remember this...

“ A little Madness in the Spring

Is wholesome even for a King.”

Emily Dickinson 1830 - 1886



MY BOOK IS IN ITS SECOND PRINTING...



My sincerest thanks to Mark and Ben Cullen

for this kind review

in their March newsletter:

Mark Cullen


I am so excited !

This is the story of

a baby bird

who fell from his nest,

rescued by a boy, his little sister,

their Mom-Lady (who decided he would live),

and Nana & Papa who helped him fly into the woods.

I cannot wait to share it with you.

if you would like a signed copy,

please send a note to

birdieboxpress@gmail.com



OTHER BOOKS to READ ... now or later


Both amazing, intriguing and great reads.....

THE LAST GARDEN IN ENGLAND Julia Kelly Gallery Books - Simon & Schuster - 2021

THE FORGOTTEN GARDEN Kate Morton Atria Books - Simon & Schuster - 2008

I SPEAK FOR THE TREES Diana Beresford-Kroeger Random House Canada

Diana lives near Ottawa and this book is about her

life's journey from ancient Celtic wisdom

to a healing vision of the forest.

She is a remarkable, inspiring,

and passionate person

and if you ever get a chance to hear her speak

or watch her movie,

do not miss it.



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